Sunday, November 27, 2011

CHILDHOOD OBESITY: WHAT ARE THE HEALTH RISKS?

by Dew Drops

It is very likely that the current wave of obesity among children will result in higher rates of cardiovascular disease of diabetes in the coming decades. But a second systematic review of research on obesity and childhood metabolic diseases in adulthood has shown that there is little evidence that the treatment of obesity in childhood will eliminate any risk of lasting harm.

This new study, the second of its kind carried out by experts in nutrition at the University of Nottingham, has strengthened the position that we could be at risk if we were thin as children and become obese as adults. Unexpectedly, the work suggests that there may also be a slight protective effect if we are overweight as children and reduce our body mass index (BMI) in adulthood.

The research, funded by Organic Foundation, and published online in the journal International Journal of Obesity, cautions that not nutritionists and dieticians are considering a risk group.

This second review was conducted by Dr. Sarah Louise Lloyd McMullen, Professor of Human Nutrition and Professor Simon Langley-Evans, all of the Division of Nutritional Sciences (School of Biosciences). The Division carries out research activities that focus on the basis of individual response to diet, development and aging.

Their study shows that previous studies suggest that childhood obesity increases the risk of permanent illness, but did not take into account the BMI of adults. Consequently, there is insufficient evidence to demonstrate the links with a long-term risk that is independent of BMI in adulthood.

The researchers reviewed 11 academic studies that have considered the health of thousands of people living in westernized countries. They say that when an adult had a higher BMI was lower during childhood, in fact, had the highest odds of hypertension, type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Professor Langley-Evans said: "There is substantial evidence that the traces of childhood obesity occur in adulthood and it is clear that adult obesity puts us at higher risk of metabolic diseases, therefore, we are not suggesting that the 'Childhood obesity is of no consequence: the prevention and treatment of obesity in childhood and adolescence are entirely appropriate in order to establish a healthy weight into adulthood. However, we found that the nature of the relationship between the beginning of the BMI and the risk of adult disease is very complex. People with low BMI in childhood that become obese as adults seem to be particularly at risk. Therefore, focusing on children who are overweight or obese for the promotion of health management will be missing an important group at risk. "

Overweight and obesity are associated with a number of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and certain cancers. The World Health Organization has estimated that about one third of coronary heart disease and ischemic attacks are attributable to excess weight. Since the prevalence of overweight and obesity continues to increase, there are significant implications for the population of morbidity and mortality with the increase in childhood obesity.

Dr. McMullen said: "We conducted the study because we were concerned with the impact of obesity in childhood on the risk of long-term disease. We were surprised to see that when the body mass indexes in adults have returned to normal the negative effects are returned. Our analysis of the research as a whole goes against many of the conclusions of individual studies. The most surprising thing for us was the discovery that those who are relatively thin in childhood, but they are obese during adulthood are at particular risk. "

"We must be very clear about one thing - obesity has a negative impact on health in many different ways. We know that people who are obese during childhood are more likely to be obese as adults, and this has a direct impact on their health and well-being at that time. It is generally believed that more is early onset and the longer the duration of obesity and higher cardiovascular risk, which has increased concerns about childhood obesity trends. However, important questions remain open about the nature of the relationship. For example, it is unclear whether the interventions of weight loss in adult life can improve all the risks associated with childhood obesity, or whether an independent effect of childhood obesity remains, regardless of adult weight. "

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CHILDHOOD OBESITY: WHAT ARE THE HEALTH RISKS?

1 Comments

1 Comments:

At January 5, 2012 at 6:44 AM , Blogger Steve said...

I suffered from Childhood obesity, teen obesity and Now I suffer from Adult obesity.

I just turned 40 years old on November fifth 2011 and 13 days later I suffered my SECOND heart attack.

After my first heart attack I started taking Jujitsu lessons for exercise but never changed my eating habits, but now I have been making a real effort to eat healthy and cut out all processed fatty foods and sugary treats.

Obesity can be defeated as an adult but it is best caught early by the parents and dealt with before it becomes a life threatening issue.

 

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